From February 6-18 Jubilee Campaign conducted a situation assessment trip to Northern Nigeria in response to rapidly escalating levels of incitement and violence resulting in higher than average year to date casualty figures. Of particular concern was an ‘ultimatum’ given by a self-identified spokesman of the terrorist group Boko Haram, which called on Christians and southerners to leave the Muslim dominated areas of Nigeria in three days or face attacks. This statement was reported in the international news on January 2nd. Over the course of our trip Jubilee Campaign’s team interviewed eyewitnesses of violence, IDPs, and Christian leaders, academics, government officials and civil society members from Plateau, Sokoto, Jigawa, Yobe, Bauchi, Borno, and Northeast, North Central, Northwest and Nigeria generally. The team also traveled to hot spots in the North and Middle Belt including Jos, Kaduna City, Bauchi Town and villages, Kano City and the FCT to observe conditions.
Our research, the interviews we conducted and the materials we gather indicate that the conflict in central and northern Nigeria is basically and primarily religious.